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        1. 家用電梯設計注意事項

            一、井道位置和空間:井道位置空間決定電梯和開門尺寸。在樓梯中間安電梯,與樓梯結合是好方案。
            Location and space of elevator shaft: determine the location and space of elevator shaft. It is a good plan to install an elevator in the middle of the stairs and combine it with the stairs.

            1、樓梯中間、墻角、外掛都可以,居中不堵通道為佳。
             staircase middle, corner, plug-in can be, in the middle of the channel is not blocked.

            2、用開門寬度反推井道寬度,用頂層高度反推轎廂高度。
            The width of the shaft is inversed by the width of the door opening, and the height of the car is inversed by the height of the top floor.

            3、載重量推薦3—4人,225—320KG,轎廂內尺寸0.8~1.0平方米。面積相對載重量可以比客梯的大些,增加舒適性。
            The recommended carrying capacity is 3-4 persons, 225-320kg, and the inner size of the car is 0.8-1.0m2. The relative carrying capacity of the area can be larger than that of the passenger elevator to increase the comfort.

            二、款式風格的確定:主要考慮井道環境和個人喜好,其次考慮成本和難易程度。
            The determination of style: mainly consider the environment and personal preferences, followed by the consideration of cost and difficulty.

            1、密閉井道配密閉轎廂,觀光井道配觀光轎廂,可以三面觀光或局部觀光,建議門上安裝玻璃窗。
            The enclosed hoistway is equipped with enclosed car, and the sightseeing hoistway is equipped with sightseeing car, which can be used for sightseeing on three sides or part. It is recommended to install glass windows on the door.

            2、轎廂形狀多樣。矩形、圓形、組合型都可以,建議采用帶有透明材料的自動折疊門。
            The car has various shapes. Rectangle, circle and combination type are OK. It is recommended to use automatic folding door with transparent material.

            3、因電梯部件比較多,家庭觀光梯不易采用全透明玻璃。
            Due to the large number of elevator components, it is not easy to use transparent glass for family sightseeing elevator.

            三、家用電梯的功能和安全措施。家用電梯的使用者缺乏電梯專業知識,沒有專門電梯使用服務人員,安全性更不能降低,最好按照客梯標準配置。

             Functions and safety measures of domestic elevator. Users of domestic elevators lack elevator professional knowledge and service personnel, and their safety can not be reduced. It is better to configure according to the standard of passenger elevators.

            1、開門方式一般有二種。自動門和手動門。自動,手動門必須都有機電聯鎖功能,防止開門走梯和電梯不在時拉開層門。
            There are generally two ways to open the door. Automatic door and manual door. Automatic and manual doors must have mechanical and electrical interlocking function to prevent the landing door from being opened when the door is opened and the elevator is not available.

            2、國外2層的家用電梯有不帶井道和沒有門的。但是必須有防止剪切碰撞的安全措施。
             In foreign countries, there are 2-story domestic elevators without shaft or door. But there must be safety measures to prevent shear collision.

            3、有的別墅電梯手動平開門設計.轎廂沒有門。那么必須安裝光幕門來確保防止摩擦碰撞擠壓的危險。
            Some villas elevator manual swing door design. Car no door. Then the light curtain door must be installed to prevent the risk of friction, collision and extrusion.

            4、建議轎廂內接市話分機,預防故障困人時報警求救。
            It is suggested that the car should be connected with local extension unit to prevent the trouble from trapped people and call for help.

            5、增加困人時自救措施和程序??吞菔遣辉试S乘客自救的,家庭不一樣,完全照搬可能造成長時間困人。
            Measures and procedures for self rescue in case of being trapped are added. Passengers are not allowed to save themselves in passenger elevators. Families are not the same. If they copy it completely, they may be trapped for a long time.

            6、標配帶斷電應急平層功能和裝置。但是在檢修維護等非正常狀態時要使用該功能。
            It is equipped with power-off emergency leveling function and device as standard. However, this function should be used in abnormal conditions such as maintenance.

            四、轎廂平面布局和外形:為節省面積需合理布局,采用雙扇偏開自動門,對重側置的方案比較臺理。井道寬1200mm對應轎廂寬850mm開門寬度700mm。
            Plane layout and shape of car: in order to save area, reasonable layout is needed, and the scheme of double side opening automatic door and counterweight side setting is more reasonable. The shaft width of 1200mm corresponds to the car width of 850mm and the door opening width of 700mm.

            1、首選U型轉樓梯中空部空間安裝家用電梯。鋼結構井道,透光設計。
            The first choice is to install the domestic elevator in the hollow space of U-shaped stairs. Steel structure shaft, light transmission design.

            2、如果是圓弧形樓梯配以圓弧形電梯更美觀。兩種,一種是常見半圓弧轎廂配平面自動門,一種是圓弧轎廂配圓弧形自動門。
            If it is circular staircase with circular elevator, it is more beautiful. Two kinds, one is common semi circle arc car with plane automatic door, the other is arc car with circular arc automatic door.

            五、底坑和頂層;底坑為安裝緩沖器和容納轎廂底,頂層要安裝曳引機。有的躍層無法挖底坑,頂層高度小等,家用電梯必須靈活設計,因地制宜。
            Bottom pit and top layer; bottom pit is to install buffer and hold car bottom, top layer is to install traction machine. Some jump floor can not dig the pit, the top height is small, etc., household elevator must be flexible design, suit measures to local conditions.

            1、一般小底坑150mm,無底坑可利用裝飾地面借用底坑,然后電梯再抬高一個臺階,約70~100mm。
            Generally, the small pit is 150 mm, and the non pit can use the decorative floor to borrow the pit, and then the elevator will raise another step, about 70 ~ 100 mm.

            2、頂層高度>2438mm,轎廂內高2032mm
            The height of the top floor is more than 2438 mm, and the inner height of the car is 2032 mm

            六、驅動和控制系統:目前市場驅動方式:鏈輪驅動,液壓驅動,曳引驅動,無齒輪驅動,螺桿驅動。采用無齒輪驅動和鏈輪驅動。
            Drive and control system: the current market drive mode: sprocket drive, hydraulic drive, traction drive, gearless drive, screw drive. Gearless drive and sprocket drive are adopted.

            1、鏈輪驅動:優點:產品成本低,耗電低,占用空間小,無需機房,只需最小150mm底坑,速度最高0.3m/s. 全機械運動。缺點:會產生低于60分貝的噪音.
            Sprocket drive: advantages: low cost, low power consumption, small space occupation, no machine room, only the minimum 150 mm pit, the maximum speed of 0.3 M / s. Disadvantages: noise below 60 dB

            2、液壓驅動:優點:耗電低,底坑要求小,速度最高0.3m/s.運行過程無噪音.缺點:產品成本較高。對外界溫度有要求。而且必須選擇好的知名廠家,不然后期的維修保養費用會很高,需要小機房約1m3。
            Hydraulic drive: advantages: low power consumption, small pit requirements, speed up to 0.3m/s. No noise during operation. Disadvantages: high product cost. There are requirements for external temperature. In addition, we must choose a well-known manufacturer, otherwise the maintenance cost will be very high in the later stage, and the small machine room will be about 1 m3.

            3、曳引驅動:優點:耗電低,占用空間小,無需機房,底坑要求小,速度可>0.3m/s,運行過程無噪音。缺點:產品成本較高。
            Traction drive: advantages: low power consumption, small space, no need for machine room, small pit requirements, speed of >0.3m/s, no noise during operation. Disadvantages: high product cost.

            4、客梯微機板性能穩定功能齊全價格不高,易采用調試簡單的傻瓜類型的。
            The performance of passenger elevator microcomputer board is stable, the function is complete, the price is not high, and it is easy to use simple debugging fool type.

            5、帶斷電應急平層功能,有利之處是防止斷電困人,弊端避維修維護時萬一斷電可能擠壓傷人,要設計邏輯回路切換。
            With the emergency leveling function of power-off, the advantage is to prevent people from being trapped by power-off, and the disadvantage is to avoid people being hurt by power-off during maintenance. In case of power-off, logic circuit switching should be designed.

            6、接觸器采用靜音型的:容量適當增大一檔次,家庭裝修過程灰塵火,注意保護。
            The contactors are of silent type: the capacity should be increased by one grade appropriately, the dust and fire in the process of home decoration should be protected.

            7、在北方使用液壓系統,需要考慮低溫使用效果問題。
            When using hydraulic system in North China, the effect of low temperature should be considered.

            8、液壓梯功率大能耗高,背包架形式結構不合理。
            The power of the hydraulic ladder is large, the energy consumption is high, and the structure of the knapsack frame is unreasonable.

            七、出人口的安全性:門故障占電梯故障的比例較大.一旦門前保護失效或失靈,后果嚴重,特別是不帶轎廂門的別墅梯應重點關注。
             Safety: door failure accounts for a large proportion of elevator failures. Once the front door protection fails or fails, the consequences will be serious, especially for villa elevators without car doors.

            1、目前電梯單選光幕保護的不少,要預防光幕失靈的危險。帶觸扳比較好,但是客梯觸板安裝調試麻煩,可在轎廂門前側安裝帶電氣開關的活動小扇。
            At present, there are a lot of elevator single choice light screen protection, to prevent the risk of light screen failure. It's better to have a touch plate, but it's troublesome to install and debug the touch plate of passenger elevator. A movable small fan with electric switch can be installed in the front of the car door.

            2、為防止誤入井道踏空跌落事故,門必須有機電聯鎖功能,起碼要其備與轎廂聯動的機械鎖和與層門相關聯的電氣開關。
            In order to prevent the accident of stepping into the shaft by mistake, the door must have the function of mechanical and electrical interlocking, at least the mechanical lock linked with the lift car and the electrical switch associated with the landing door.

            八、速度適宜:因家庭樓層不多不高,有老人和行動不便者使用。速度不易過快。2層0.25m/s,3層以上0.3~0.5m/s就可以了。
            Speed appropriate: because the family floor is not much, not high, the elderly and people with mobility disabilities use. It's not easy to be too fast. 2 layers 0.25m/s, 3 layers above 0.3 ~ 0.5m/s.

            九、內外裝飾:家用電梯必須重視裝飾。裝飾的重點不是豪華而是結合家裝風格。簡約實用增加家居生活亮點為原則,木質轎廂、觀光轎廂、不銹鋼轎廂,吸頂燈、鏡前燈、節能燈等就可以。外部貼面,貼磚貼大理石都可。

             Interior and exterior decoration: household elevator must pay attention to decoration. The focus of decoration is not luxury, but combined with home decoration style. Simple and practical, increase the highlight of home life as the principle, wooden car, sightseeing car, stainless steel car, ceiling lamp, mirror lamp, energy saving lamp, etc. External veneer, tile and marble are OK.
            十、綜臺服務;家庭安裝家用電梯,涉及土建、結構、裝飾、電氣、防水、加固、減震。降噪、安全等多個專業知識,需要綜合考慮,用戶希望省心省事,廠家最好能提供更多的綜臺性服務。比如井道框架設計制作安裝,外裝飾材料的設計制作安裝等。
             Comprehensive service; family installation of domestic elevator, involving civil engineering, structure, decoration, electrical, waterproof, reinforcement, shock absorption. Noise reduction, safety and other professional knowledge need to be considered comprehensively. Users want to save worry and trouble. Manufacturers should provide more comprehensive services. For example, the design, production and installation of shaft frame, the design, production and installation of external decoration materials, etc.
            以上內容來源網絡,由臺州富士電梯股份有限公司整理提供。The above content source network is provided by Taizhou Fuji Elevator Co., Ltd.

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